July DigIn! Dinner draws large crowd despite high temperatures

Pangaea executive chef Brett Stockdale wows community members and leaders with locally sourced three course meal

Originally published in the August 24, 2016 print edition of the West Sacramento News-Ledger


July 28 DigIn! Dinner featured chef Brett Stockdale and West Sacramento Mayor Pro Tem Beverly Sandeen. Photo by Daniel Wilson.

As the sun prepared to set on a day when temperatures reached upwards of 103 degrees, community members and leaders in West Sacramento gathered under the big tent on West Capitol Avenue in front of City Hall alongside the West Sacramento Farmers Market for the second of three 2016 DigIn! Dinners.

The dinner was held July 28 and featured West Sacramento native Brett Stockdale, who is the executive chef at Pangaea Bier Café in Sacramento. Stockdale prepared an original meal using ingredients that were available to purchase at the market or that came from local farms.

Before the dinner kicked off for the approximately 100 people in attendance–which included members of the community, Stockdale’s family and friends, city officials, members of the Chamber of Commerce and representatives from the event’s sponsors such as Raley’s and Burton Law Firm–a short introduction by outgoing CEO and president of the Chamber of Commerce Denice Seals, Mary Kimble from the Center for Land-Based Learning and Jeb Burton of the Burton Law Firm, was followed by Stockdale presenting a demonstration, with the event’s host Mayor Pro Tem Beverly Sandeen acting as assistant chef, on how to make the dinner’s first dish Panzanella Salad.

The salad was then served to each table by a volunteer staff that included members of the Chamber of Commerce, the Center for Land-Based Learning and the farmers market.

According to the menu and Stockdale, the salad was made using ingredients from Chavez Farms, Fiery Ginger’s Farm, Root Cause Farms and Toledo Farms and included a mix of grilled bread, gold tomatoes, lemon cucumbers, red onions, Sherry vinaigrette, Cotija cheese and basil.

After the starter course, attendees spent time drinking beer and water and other beverages provided by Bike Dog Brewing Co. and Raley’s, respectively, chatting, and mingling. Most were fanning themselves with the provided “I’m a Fan of West Sacramento” paper fans and the small electronic fans that lined the green and white cloth-covered tables.

Members of the Chamber of Commerce, including Cindy Tuttle, were shooting squirt guns at one another and Tuttle sprayed water on guests with a water misting device. As the sun began to set and the lighting under the big tent grew a  bit darker, the beloved Delta breeze helped cool down the crowd.

Incoming president and CEO of the Chamber of Commerce Verna Sulpizio said a few words about the event before introducing Stockdale to talk about the main course.

“I am West Sac proud like nobody’s business,” Sulpizio said to the dinner guests. “And you guys are, too, because you’re out here in 100 degree heat and I really, really appreciate that.”

The main course consisted of ingredients sourced from Fiery Ginger’s Farm and Toledo Farms. Attendees enjoyed a dish of smoked and braised chicken with roasted red potatoes, peppers, squash, crispy shallots and natural jus.

A lengthy break after the main course allowed guests to continue drinking and getting to know each other. Sandeen shared her thoughts on the event and talked up how proud she is of the success of the farmers market and the DigIn! Dinner series.

“It brings the community together and it helps showcase all the farmers we have at the market as well as gives chefs a chance to show what they can do with in the farm-to-fork movement,” said Sandeen. “Adding in the non-profit organization as the beneficiary is another way to give back and have non-profits become known to folks who are attending. It’s a wonderful partnership across many boundaries.”

Sandeen spoke highly of Stockdale and said she hopes he’ll inspire more people from the city to gain interest in the culinary field.

“We’re really proud that he’s a [chef from West Sac],” said Sandeen. “I hope that he inspires more folks to want to go into being a chef.”

Dessert was served just before 8 p.m. following an explanation from Stockdale of what to expect from the dish. The dessert course included ingredients from Sola Bee Farms and Ahmad Farms and consisted of biscuits, sliced pluots, toasted almonds, whipped cream and honey.

Stockdale said he was grateful for the opportunity to be able to showcase his cooking for his friends, family and the West Sacramento community.

“The turnout is great and I’m happy to see all these familiar faces,” said Stockdale. “My grandparents are out here, mom, dad, old friends [I haven’t] seen for a while. Everyone is supporting. It’s amazing. I’m super happy with the turnout and I’m happy that everyone likes the food. I haven’t been able to make my food for West Sac yet, so I’m happy that a menu that I’ve created has finally gotten to West Sac.”

Stockdale’s dad Mark Stockdale expressed how proud he was of his son.

“We’ve been a part of this community for a long time,” said Mark. “It’s nice to see [Bret] come back and get a chance to show what he’s learned and to bring that back to the [West] Sacramento area. This gives a chance for people to see what the local restaurants and folks with the local produce can do here.”

The owner of Pangaea Rob Archie spoke about what the event meant for both Stockdale and the restaurant.

“[Brett] loves his hometown, so this dinner is special because of that,” said Archie. “Pangea is known for beer and because we’re No. 7 in the world for best hamburger, that’s kind of overshadowed a lot of great stuff that comes out of that kitchen, and I can put our kitchen up against any kitchen in Sacramento and this event gives us a chance to show that.”

Archie also shared his thoughts on the meal.

“One thing is Brett doesn’t cook a lot of the same dishes twice, you know, he’s always innovative,” said Archie. “This was the first time I’ve had this stuff, so it was great.”

The next and final DigIn! Dinner for this year will be held August 25 and will feature The Patriot restaurant chef Allyson Harvie. Mayor Cabaldon will host the event. Tickets are once again $65 each with a portion benefiting the non-profit Assemble Sacramento. Attendees will also get $5 in vouchers to spend at the Farmers Market.

More information is available on the West Sacramento Chamber of Commerce website under the Chamber news and events section.

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Yolo County Fair kicks off with 10th annual tasting event

Originally published in the August 3, 2016 print edition of the West Sacramento News-Ledger

The 10th annual Yolo County Fair Opening Night Gala on Wednesday, Aug. 17 will kick off the 2016 Yolo County Fair and celebrate agriculture products and produce inside the Ag Building at the Yolo County Fairgrounds in Woodland.

The tasting event, which usually attracts approximately 600 attendees from all over the region, will take place from 6 to 8 p.m. and feature approximately 37 vendors, live music, leaders from the local community, previous guests and presenters from past fairs and more, according to a statement by the Gala’s event coordinator Samantha Novan.

“It’s a wonderful event and a great opportunity to experience all of the local produce and wine and beer and olive oil that’s produced here in Yolo County that you might not experience anywhere else under the same roof,” said Novan.

Tickets run $20 in advance and $25 at the door, but the event’s organizers urge attendees to buy their tickets early as they tend to sell out before the event. Novan said tickets are available online for the first time this year and can be purchased at yolocountyfair.net under “The Fair” section by clicking on “Yolo County Fair’s Opening Night Gala.” Note that a $3 processing fee is added to online ticket purchases.

Event organizers like Yolo County Fair Board President Katie Villegas are especially excited about community members being able to get a taste of local products.

“It’s the best event in Yolo County!” said Villegas. “Showcasing all of our locally-grown produce and locally-made craft beers, wines, cheeses and olive oils – it’s a delicious experience for the whole family!”

Two local bands, Chicken & Dumpling and Clarence Van Hook & Friends, are back this year to perform live blues music while attendees enjoy the tastes of local wine, beer, olive oils, honey, nuts, jams, meats, produce and restaurant fare.

New additions to this year’s gala include three additional breweries for a total of five and two bakeries—Let Them Eat Cake and The Upper Crust Baking Company. One of the five breweries at the event will be Yolo Brewing Company.

“Yolo Brewing Company is honored to present the freshest local craft beers in the region to guests of the Yolo County Fair Gala,” said Michael Costello of the Yolo Brewing Company. “We’re proud of our region, and our home-county, especially. The diversity of ag, food and beverage production and processing in Yolo County creates a foundation for good living in the heart of California. We are excited that YOLOBREW is becoming part of our regional excellence.”

The Fair’s theme this year is “80 Years of Fair Fun.” The Yolo County Fair, which runs Aug. 17 through 21, remains the largest and oldest free gate fair in California thanks to the continued dedication of the volunteers who support the county and community with partnerships and sponsorships, according to Novan’s press release.

For more information, please contact the Fair Office by phone at (530) 402.2222 or by email at yolocountyfairgala@gmail.com. You may also search for the event on Facebook or visit its official website to receive updates, program information and more. 

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Homegrown chef to prepare meal for West Sac residents at July 28 DigIn! Dinner

Pangaea executive chef Brett Stockdale will cook a meal using locally sourced ingredients

Originally published in the July 20, 2016 print edition of the West Sacramento News-Ledger

This month’s DigIn! Dinner will be held July 28 from 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. as part of the weekly summer Farmers Market and will feature chef Brett Stockdale, who grew up in and currently lives in West Sacramento.

According to the West Sacramento Chamber of Commerce, the dinner series is held on the fourth Thursday of each summer month and takes place under the big tent at the Farmers
Market on West Capitol Avenue just outside City Hall.

Each dinner features a local chef who creates a family style three-course meal using local produce and ingredients, most of which are sourced from products available to buy at the Farmers Market.

Tickets run $65 apiece and include the meal, beer from Bike Dog Brewing Co., wine and $5 to spend at the market. As space is limited, there are only 100 tickets available in total,
so interested parties should register early.

A portion of the proceeds will benefit a local non-profit or charity. This month’s beneficiary is the Center for Land-Based Learning, an organization based out of Winters that, according to its official website, is “dedicated to creating the next generation of farmers and teaching California’s youth about the importance of agriculture and natural resource conservation.”

Mary Kimble, executive director for the Center for Land-Based Learning—which is partnering with the Chamber of Commerce this year to help manage the Farmers Market—said the organization works with four urban farms in the city and that three of those farms sell their products at the Farmers Market.

“The funding that we get from the dinner is very helpful for the programs that we run and to keep those programs running in West Sacramento,” said Kimble.

Stockdale is the executive chef at Pangaea Bier Café on Franklin Boulevard in Sacramento and was chosen, in part, because of his connection with West Sacramento. He attended Kitchen Academy, which is now owned by Le Cordon Bleu, and after an internship at Mulvaney’s B & L in downtown Sacramento led to a two-year position as sous-chef for the restaurant, Stockdale spent some time working at Range Restaurant in San Francisco, but ultimately decided he’d rather work closer to home.

“It just wasn’t my place,” said Stockdale. “I really like West Sac and I like the Sacramento area and with the amount of produce and everything that we have, it’s just the same as San Francisco. You know, we have access to all the same products so why not cook here?”

Upon returning home, Stockdale landed a position at Pangaea as the sous-chef and eventually worked his way up the executive chef position. After working a DigIn! Dinner a couple years ago while employed at Mulvaney’s and then attending another one last year with a friend, Stockdale said that led to him being nominated to be the featured chef for a dinner.

“People from West Sac come over to Pangaea, but not as many as you would think because you’ve got to come over the river and everything, so I’m really excited for people from West Sac to see what I can make,” said Stockdale.

Stockdale said he doesn’t yet know what will be on the menu, though he’s been trying to plan based on what’s in season, but he says you really have to wait until just before the dinner to make sure products will be available.

“I like to leave it a little bit closer to time because, you never know, pears are here now and then all of a sudden the farmer is like, ‘they’re not there’ and then sometimes things are in season and you’re like, ‘that’s here now? I would have done something [with that],” Stockdale explained. “I’ll definitely check out the whole market before I really decide where the menu goes.”

The DigIn! Dinner series is presented by Raley’s and this month’s dinner will be hosted by West Sacramento Mayor Pro Tem Beverly Sandeen.

“Both the Farmers Market, as well as DigIn! Dinners, are really an opportunity to bring the community out and continue to give that local exposure,” said Director of Public Relations & Public Affairs for Raley’s Chelsea Minor. “We know, as a food business, that it’s really about creating those relationships and memories around good food and good drinks.”

Minor explained that the dinners are served in an intimate setting, which she says provides a great way to get to know the other people in attendance.

“The DigIn! Dinners are a fantastic opportunity for us to both serve the community with a new opportunity to get exposure to great food from the Sacramento region, but also to connect with some of our local West Sac residents.”

For Stockdale, being chosen to cook the meal at the DigIn! Dinner is a huge honor, especially since he is from West Sacramento.

“I’m super proud of West Sac and what West Sac does and the community that we have [here],” said Stockdale. “I think West Sac people tend to stick together and we want to support the groups that have supported us. All these people that are going to be at this dinner probably supported me in one way or another throughout my life. So, I think it’s a great chance for me to showcase what West Sac has produced in me and then something I can do for them in thanks and to help support a local cause. I think it’s a win-win for everybody.”

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Joseph “Joey” Lopes Park made official at ribbon-cutting ceremony

Originally published in the July 6, 2016 print edition of the West Sacramento News-Ledger


Photo by Daniel Wilson.

West Sacramento has a brand new park, and on Friday, June 24, it was made official at a ribbon-cutting ceremony where the family of the park’s namesake Joseph “Joey” Lopes shared stories about the famous boxer who called the area home during his life.

The park, which is the 35th park in the city, is located next to the Parkside Apartments along Sycamore Avenue off of West Capitol and features a newly-installed piece of artwork, which was created by Denver, Colorado artist Michael Clapper.

The $70,000 art structure— which Clapper says represents “fighting for community”—was approved by the City Council on Jan. 13 with Clapper’s piece being chosen over 75 other submissions after the City of West Sacramento’s Arts, Culture & Historic Preservation Commission, the Yolo Arts Council, city staff and others gave input.

The park cost $8.2 million to install and features a garden, benches, picnic tables, water fountains, two playgrounds, — one each for younger and older children — a basketball court and plenty of walking paths and green grass. The park has several trees as well, but it’ll be a while before they provide any shade. In the meantime, there are two shade shelters located at each end of the park.

Superintendent of West Sacramento Parks & Ground Sam Cooney explained that the project has been in the works for six years.

“It’s been a long time in the making,” said Cooney. “The state awarded the city $4.1 million and then we put in matching funds.”

Schmidt Design Group Principal J.T. Barr added that the park’s design incorporated a lot of feedback from the residents of West Sacramento.

“The design really started with the inspiration of the community,” said Barr. “All of the forms and structures, the walkways [were] really inspired by West Sacramento and the agricultural heritage that is here, so we really wanted to embrace the community and express that in the park, so the park really becomes a reflection of the community.”


Photo by Daniel Wilson.

The ceremony began at 10 a.m. with a few words from West Sacramento City Manager Martin Tuttle, who thanked the landscapers, city inspector and project manager among others who worked on the park.

“What we do in West Sacramento is we take local money and we go out and find other money to match with it,” said Tuttle. “That’s how we’re able to do great things for the city.”

Tuttle then introduced City Council Member Chris Ledesma, who spoke about the park and the collaborative effort it took to complete.

“As many of you know, this site, for a long time, was an eyesore,” said Ledesma as children played with bubbles and ran around in the grass area just behind where the audience of approximately 100 West Sacramento citizens, Lopes family members and city leaders was seated. “And now look at this 4 acres we’re sitting on today. Congratulations to everybody who had a hand in this.”

Ledesma went on to say that just as it took the entire community to design and implement the park, it’ll take the entire community to keep it clean, safe and welcoming in the years to come. He then announced a new park watch program, designed to cut down on vandalism and crime, which will be headed up by West Sacramento PD Officer Warren Estrada.

“It’s up to all of us to keep an eye on this park and it’s up to all of us to work with the police department to make sure we maintain this park and keep the spirit of Joey Lopes going,” said Ledesma.

Ledesma then introduced Silvestre Gilmete Jr., the nephew of Joey Lopes, who called up several other family members before beginning his speech about his uncle’s impact. A hometown hero who lived near Sycamore all of his life, Joey Lopes was a boxer in the late 1940s and throughout the 1950s.


Photo courtesy City of West Sacramento.

Lopes always wore his name and the words “West Sacramento” on the robes he wore to the ring and made sure that everyone knew he was from West Sacramento, not Sacramento. He competed at the Memorial Auditorium and the world-famous Madison Square Garden among many other venues.

In 1948, Lopes was selected for the U.S. Olympic boxing team and he went on to fight in two championship matches, one with the Lightweight Championship up for grabs (1957) and the other for the Super Featherweight Championship (1961) . Following his retirement, Lopes was a community leader, working for the West Sacramento Sanitary District, the West Sacramento Optimist Club and the West Sacramento Babe Ruth Baseball League.

The park’s art features a silhouette of Lopes with his arm reaching out in a boxing punch and will light up at night as the sun sets behind it. On the flipside of the structure is a map of the West Sacramento area.

After Gilmete Jr. thanked the city and everyone involved on behalf of the family, shared some history of his uncle and introduced longtime friend Raul Deanda, who told some stories about his friend’s illustrious career and life’s journey, the ceremony ended with the cutting of the ribbon and loud cheers and applause from everyone in attendance.

As children filled the playgrounds, shot hoops at the basketball court and continued to run around the grassy areas, adults snapped photos of the artwork and the park while others enjoyed snacks and conversation.

Gilmete Jr. expressed the gratitude of his family for the city naming the park after his uncle.

“This is a tremendous honor,” said Gilmete Jr. who explained that the
family petitioned to have the park’s name changed from Sycamore Park to Joey Lopes Park after learning it was being installed, a motion that was met with a unanimous
decision from the city. “My uncle was about his community and it being so close to where he lived as a kid and as an adult and to see that this park incorporates a playground
for children to be able to enjoy, half-court basketball for any age to enjoy and the community garden with my grandparents [having had farmland nearby], it’s just incredible.”

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WTA representatives say the district’s funding has increased more than enough to afford more competitive pay raises

Originally published in the June 8, 2016 print edition of the West Sacramento News-Ledger

At a recent school board meeting, several attendees were disallowed to speak about concerns over a current contract dispute between the Washington Unified School District and the Washington Teachers Association union, according to President of the WTA Don Stauffer.

Stauffer explained that the focus of the dispute is that, despite the district receiving a more than 14 percent increase in funding this year, the teachers are being offered a 2 percent increase, which would set the teachers in this district behind comparable districts in the area in terms of average yearly salary.

“It’s our contention that that raise is too small, given the increase in funding that the schools are getting,” Stauffer said.

While Stauffer couldn’t give an exact amount for the increase the WTA is seeking because of a confidentiality agreement, he stated the union is seeking an increase that is more on the level of surrounding districts.

“Because of the recession, we went a number of years without any salary increase at all,” said Stauffer. “We’ve done well the last couple of years, but the school district has done even better. The context is that if we were the only district around, maybe that would be OK, but what’s happening is that we’re falling behind the pay that’s offered by districts in the neighboring area, including Sacramento County and related areas.”

Stauffer added that good teachers are being lost by WUSD to surrounding districts because of higher pay.

“A lot of teachers have young kids,” said Stauffer. “With the cost of childcare, even if you’ve got a nice place to work, they may be thinking about, “Well, I could use that extra money.’ ”

The district website’s negotiation update FAQ disputes this, stating a statewide teacher shortage and saying, any “open positions are due to a combination of retirements, resignations, and leaves of absence. To date, no resigning teachers have reported that they are leaving due to more competitive compensation packages offered in other districts.”

Administrator of Communication and Community Outreach for the Washington Unified School District Giorgos Kazanis said that because mediation—which began May 20, according to the district website—is currently ongoing, the law, “prohibits both sides from discussing the details of negotiations with any parties outside the negotiating teams.”

Kazanis addressed the concerns of the teacher’s union with a statement.

“The Washington Unified School District is deeply committed to recruiting and retaining a high-quality workforce focused on student success,” said the statement. “We believe that our employees deserve the very best compensation for their tireless efforts in the classroom and on our school campuses—it is also our fiduciary responsibility to ensure that we are able to sustain and maintain district-wide programs while providing the financial stability needed to support future pay increases, benefits and pensions for our employees.”

Aside from the salary dispute, class sizes are also a concern for the WTA, but Stauffer said if the salary issue is resolved, the union will quickly wrap up negotiations regarding any other issues.

Whether or not this dispute would lead to a strike is something Stauffer said is always on the table, following a series of other steps that would have to take place beforehand, but that the teachers are mostly interested in coming to an agreement so that they can get back to educating the city’s youth.

“As the representative for teachers in West Sacramento, we just want to get this thing done and move on,” said Stauffer. “If things don’t get resolved, [a strike] is where it could go. Trust me, I do not want to see that. Our primary interest is our students and we’d like to be focusing our attention on our students.”

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Thoughts on the City College shooting from a former Express editor

Originally published Sept. 4, 2015 by SacCityExpress.com

Photo courtesy Sac City Express.

Photo courtesy Sac City Express.

As I walked across campus today on my way from the parking garage to the cafeteria to get a bite to eat before my math class, something happened that I had never experienced in all the times I’d walked that very same path. I was stricken with the sadness of the major change that occurred less than 24 hours ago.

When the person who shot and killed a City College student took it into his own hands to get revenge or to prove a point or to do whatever it was he wished to accomplish, he probably didn’t realize the multitude of people he would affect in the coming minutes, hours, days, months and years.

As I walked around campus, there was a somber calmness in the air. Something just felt different. It didn’t help that today is Friday and very few people are on campus on Fridays, especially preceding a three-day weekend. I couldn’t tell if it was all in my head or if the people around me felt as down and depressed as I did about this situation.

I had trouble glancing in the direction of the area of campus where the altercation took place. I had trouble focusing in class. It’s going to be a long time before the wounds heal for those of us in my situation, but I mourn for the people close to the victims. They are faced with a lifetime of grief and sorrow, and all because of a senseless act of anger that happened to involve a weapon. My wounds will heal in the next couple of weeks, but for some people affected by this, theirs may never heal.

I’m going to avoid getting political because I want to focus my attention on the victims and their families. I also want to focus my attention on the friends, professors and acquaintances of the young man who lost his life as well as the other man who is lying in a hospital bed right now. However, I will say this: the gun violence has to stop. It is far too easy for people who don’t know how to be responsible with a weapon to get a hold of these things and this type of behavior happens far too often.

That’s all I’m going to say on that front, but I urge everyone reading this to do whatever they can to help change the gun laws in this country.

When I left campus, I walked out of the back door of the business building. This is only a few hundred feet from the crime scene. I shouldn’t even have to call it that.

As I turned in the direction of the parking structure, my back to the area where the shooting took place, it was as if a dark cloud hovered directly over the college grounds. Sacramento City College is a place of learning. It’s a place where people take refuge from the world outside and work to better themselves in hopes of one day securing a long-lasting and fulfilling career.

But on Thursday, it became another site where an argument among four people turned into something much worse. Even though this seems to be an isolated situation and not a random act of violence, it’s tough to walk the halls of the campus without feeling a sense of fear.

I have every confidence that the men and women of the Sacramento Police Department and/or the men and women of the Los Rios Police Department will apprehend the suspect and bring justice for the victims.

I applaud the efforts of my former colleagues on the Sac City Express, of which I was recently in charge, and I commend them for being fearless as they took to the campus and covered a difficult situation in the most sensitive and thorough way possible. If I were still on the paper, I would have been right there with them. It’s comforting to know that the newspaper is in good hands.

I also thank the student-journalists of American River College who worked diligently to cover the story as well. And of course, I thank the professional publications for their efforts in covering the story. Lastly, I thank the men and women on the police force, medical team and the men and women of City College who all worked quickly and efficiently in making sure no one else was harmed.

In closing, I’d just like to say that my thoughts and condolences go out to the family and friends of the victims of yesterday’s tragic incident. I hope we can use this experience to make the campus safer, find even better ways to respond if this type of thing ever occurs again (let’s hope it doesn’t) and, perhaps most importantly, I hope this continues to encourage folks to fight for change when it comes to gun control.

I always like to try and find the best in situations, and if nothing more comes out of this tragedy, I hope more Sacramentans will feel inspired to push for a better America.

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Meet Gideon

City College’s Aeronautics program uses Boeing 727 as learning tool

Originally published May 5, 2015 in Mainline magazine’s spring 2015 issue

Photo by Evan E. Duran.

Photo by Evan E. Duran.

On an unusually warm afternoon in February, students in the City College Aeronautics program trickle into the college’s hangar, located at McClellan Park Airfield — the former McClellan Air Force base — and begin tackling various activities, including rebuilding small plane engines.

Later, some students will work with City College’s Boeing 727 Gideon, located at the Sacramento Aerospace Museum, a part of McClellan Park Airfield.

As the sun glares down on the airfield, a few students open the hangar door — almost as large as the end of the hangar itself — letting in a large beam of sunlight.

Throughout the hangar sit approximately 12 small planes, a helicopter, which is painted burgundy with “City College Aeronautics Dept.” written in white letters on one side, diagnostic equipment and engines varying in size and shape.

In the classrooms that line the perimeter of the building, students prepare for upcoming certification testing after punching in for the evening.

According to Aeronautics adjunct assistant Professor Dan Madden, the program, which is one of City College’s vocational offerings, requires students to accumulate a set number of hours during their coursework.

At the end of the approximately two-year program, students must pass a test — consisting of verbal, written and hands-on components — to become FAA (Federal Aviation Administration)-certified. This, along with the accumulated work experience, verified by the clocked hours, allows students who complete the program to begin working entry-level positions in the field.

“In the industry right now, a lot of veterans are retiring — both for pilots and mechanics — and there will be a lot of openings for jobs coming in the next few years,” says Madden. “The airlines will be hurting for people, too.”

For students, being able to work on actual planes in a real work-like setting is an invaluable tool.

“It’s nice that everything that’s here has been donated,” says City College Aeronautics student Doug Stricker. “It says something about the school that people want to support it.”

Madden says he has worked for City College for about a year and that it was the donation of a Boeing 727 jet by FedEx on Feb. 22, 2013, that inspired him to pursue teaching.

Photo by Evan E. Duran.

Photo by Evan E. Duran.

After working on planes as a mechanic for about three years and working as a flight engineer and flying planes for about 16 years, Madden says the birth of his twins made him rethink his career because he wanted to be at home with his children.

“I was sitting at home on one of my days off and I saw the news when the 727 [was delivered], and I called up Phil Cypret (the department chair at the time) and I said, ‘Hey, you need an instructor? I’m pretty familiar with the plane,’ and he said, ‘Yeah, come on down,’ ” Madden recalls.

According to the Sac City Express, the Boeing 727 is named Gideon after the son of a member of the FedEx Memphis flight crew, as is the tradition for FedEx when it comes to naming its planes.

Madden explains that having the plane is great for students, but says it would be nice if the plane was still sitting behind the City College hangar, where it resided after its final flight, so they could start the engines and teach students the process of getting all the systems up and running.

He says he’d also like to be able to work on the engines, but because of the high costs of storing the plane, safety concerns and because of things like the high cost of fueling the plane, they are not able to do that.

“I can sit them down, but you know it’s not the real thing when you don’t do it,” says Madden. “You can simulate all day, but [actually] seeing it is a big difference.”

Across from the hangar is another building where later in the evening, students will attend lecture classes and work on book assignments.

In the biggest classroom of the hangar, groups and individuals — each in various stages of the program — are busy working on, among other projects, putting engines back together. The room consists of Madden’s class, where students are working on turbine engines, and another advanced class.

Being careful not to disturb students as they complete their tasks, Madden explains the purpose of some of the parts sitting on the work benches.

“They’re working on a turbine engine,” says Madden. “This is called a cam, the ignitor fuel happens in this. You can see where it got burned right here. That’s where you do your combustion with the fuel and air.”

Behind the hangar — just outside the large open door — Madden points out a finished version of the same engine his students have been working on, then he leads members of his class down to the Aerospace Museum to take a look inside Gideon.

According to City College Advanced Technology division Dean Donnetta Webb, the City College Aeronautics program has a rich history, not only on campus, but in the Sacramento area.

A Boeing 727 donated by FedEx in 2013 to the Sacramento City College aeronautics program is stationed at McClellan Park Airfield. Photo by Evan E. Duran.

A Boeing 727 donated by FedEx in 2013 to the Sacramento City College aeronautics program is stationed at McClellan Park Airfield. Photo by Evan E. Duran.

Webb says the program started in 1932 when aeronautical engineer Hilton F. Lusk — the namesake of the Lusk Center on campus — wanted to teach courses at Sacramento Junior College (the name of City College at the time). The college utilized the Sacramento Executive Airport to train students.

Webb explains that during World War II, City College’s aeronautics program was instrumental in working with military bases in the area in training many of the pilots who would fly in the war as well as the men and women who maintained the airplanes. The program also played a big role in the Korean and Vietnam wars.

Today, City College’s aeronautics department averages about 130 students per semester, is the only one in the Los Rios district and is one of only 37 college aeronautics programs in the country certified by the FAA to offer air traffic control courses, according to Webb.

In fact, Webb says City College is one of only two colleges in California to offer these types of courses. Furthermore, City College is the only school in California to offer dispatcher certificates.

Webb also points out that the department offers more than just aeronautics.

“We have actually two distinct aspects to our aeronautics department,” Webb explains.

Photo by Evan E. Duran.

Photo by Evan E. Duran.

She clarifies that the term “aeronautics” refers to airplanes and power plants, meaning mechanical and maintenance. She says students who complete courses in this aspect of the field can work in jobs for airlines as airplane mechanics, but that the training can lend itself to other jobs because it teaches students about electronics, general engine repair, hydraulics and more.

“In the aviation side, which has to do with anything having to do with actual flight rather than the maintenance, we have our flight simulators [at McClellan]” says Webb.

Since the aviation program at City College is designed as a vocational program, Webb says, upon completion, students can jump right into a career in their field.

“Students who finish the air traffic control program are eligible to be interviewed by the FAA to go to the academy and to go forward into their on-the-job intern training as FAA employees,” says Webb. “For dispatch, you’ll find that the FAA will send out examiners who will examine students at the end of the course. It includes a knowledge examination with paper and pencil, and then there’s a practical exam where they have to prepare a plane for flight.”

Webb touts the success of the program.

“We had 24 students in the class this past summer,” says Webb, who explains the dispatch program is only offered in the summer. “We had 24 who [tested] for the knowledge and practical, and all 24 of them passed.”

Lastly, the department offers flight technology courses, which Webb says include all of the other basics that someone would need to become a pilot, air traffic controller or dispatcher.

Ben Bolin and John Stagg work on a turbine engine. Photo by Evan E. Duran.

Ben Bolin and John Stagg work on a turbine engine. Photo by Evan E. Duran.

Aeronautics Department Chair Larry Johnson and Professor Scott Miller teach several of these courses. Miller says in addition to traditional lecture and book studies, students in his courses work in a lab where they are able to experience air traffic control radar simulators and aircraft simulators, among other things.

Still, Miller says three or four of his courses utilize Gideon on a regular basis.

“[Having the 727 jet has] really brought a lot of the courses to life,” says Miller. “For example, in the aerodynamics course, we talk about how jet aircraft wings have a lot of moving [parts], and it’s one thing to show a PowerPoint presentation with pictures or maybe even look at a YouTube video, but to be able to actually look at it in 3D, on the actual level, makes it that much more valuable to the students. We’ve definitely seen an improvement in the retention of that information.”

Like any department at City College, aeronautics gets a great deal of equipment and supplies donated or paid for by grants. Webb says that level of support is essential to the program.

“One of the things that you’ll find is that they work on [the equipment], and by the time you’ve taken it apart and put it back together two or three times, it starts to wear out, so we’re always constantly looking [and] people do give us donations,” says Webb. “We’re getting ready to buy some additional equipment. We have grants, so we’re working on that.”

Sacramento Aerospace Museum. Photo by Evan E. Duran.

Sacramento Aerospace Museum. Photo by Evan E. Duran.

Donations like the FedEx Boeing 727 airplane are certainly a helpful tool for students and instructors in the aeronautics program at City College, but according to Webb, one thing is for sure. It’s the long-lasting impressions that make the efforts of the aeronautics department at City College a success.

“It’s amazing how many people know about Sac City aeronautics,” says Webb. “I didn’t know it when I came here. I will go on a plane some place [and someone will ask me], ‘Where are you going?’, ‘What do you do?’ and [I’ll say] I work at Sac City and [they’ll say], ‘Oh, I used to go to Sac City. I was in the aeronautics department.’ It’s amazing how many people [know about us].”

On what seems like just a tiny slice of the massive McClellan Park Airfield sits the Sacramento Aerospace Museum. The building is surrounded by several planes and helicopters — everything from crop dusters to military air vehicles — and among them sits Gideon.

Without a tree in sight, the massive 727 Boeing jet that delivered packages around the world in its previous life is now used for exploration and learning. Not only do the students of City College’s aeronautics program get to enjoy taking a walk through Gideon for the purposes of learning about the airplane, but it also serves as a centerpiece for museum-goers.

As students walk up into Gideon’s insides — a hollowed-out cargo area, void of seats, that was once used to house large shipments — Madden explains that the orange, cylindrical units to the right are the “black boxes” always talked about after plane crashes.

In the flight deck, two students scurry into the pilot and flight engineer seats as Madden sits behind them. He shows the students what many of the gizmos, gadgets and gears do as he explains the process of turning on the hydraulics system.

It’s at this moment that having the plane as a learning tool, as opposed to just reading about this information in books, truly comes to life for these students.

“To be able to see and touch and test everything on it is a huge advantage over simply reading about it,” says Lance Bickford, the aeronautics student sitting in the pilot’s seat who says he hopes to be a pilot one day. “It feels great to learn so much about the operations of aircraft. I think that our class will have an advantage over our competition in that we also know how to operate large aircraft, not just fix them.”

Though the plane is not able to be fully powered up, Madden instructs another student to turn on the jet’s Auxiliary Power Unit, sort of like one would in a car if listening to the radio without turning on the engine.

Instructor Dan Madden shows student Teresa Olguin how to start the APU system of the Boeing 727 at McClellan Park Airfield.

Instructor Dan Madden shows student Teresa Olguin how to start the APU system of the Boeing 727 at McClellan Park Airfield. Photo by Evan E. Duran.

“[This] was the first time I was personally able to turn on the 727’s APU system,” says City College aeronautics student Teresa Olguin, who says she hopes to become a commercial pilot in the future. “The last time I was in the flight deck I was sitting in the co-pilot’s seat and able to turn on some of the switches that a copilot would turn on and to run a fire check through all the engines. I feel like I am getting invaluable hands-on experience in addition to book learning.”

For students in the program, having instructors who actually worked in the field and can give real life accounts and information about the various aspects students are learning is an important part of the process.

“Dan Madden is a great professor,” says Bickford. “I feel like I can ask him anything about that 727 and he’ll be able to not just tell me about it, but show it to me, tell me how to change it out for a new one, and tell me the strengths and weaknesses of certain parts. I feel as though he genuinely cares about my future.”

It’s also vital to have learning tools like Gideon.

“The plane is definitely helpful to the program,” says Olguin. “As a mechanic you are not the one who is flying the plane, but you are the one who is fixing the plane that is potentially carrying hundreds of people. By having the plane as a study tool we are able to see how our work directly affects the plane and the pilot. This also helps make us much more aware of our job and the seriousness of it.”

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From students to staff: Coming full circle

Alumni explain their journeys back to City College

Originally published in the Dec. 9, 2014 print edition of the Sac City Express

Photo by Emily Foley

Photo by Emily Foley

For many, attending community college is a means to earn a degree in order to gain employment. For others, the “community” in community college means working with teachers who truly care about the future of their students in an effort to better themselves.

Not only did City College English professor and department chair Joshua Roberts experience the latter scenario, he decided to become one of those teachers. A self-described poor student leading up to his graduation from Kennedy High School, Roberts began attending City College in 1991.

“I was a horrible student in high school,” says Roberts. “[It wasn’t] because I wasn’t sharp enough, I was just a bad student. When I came here, I was pretty clueless as to what I wanted to do. I kind of took classes on and off for about five years, just enough to still be in school but not really.”

It was at that point that Roberts decided he wanted to become a teacher.

“It was the instructors here that really helped me learn how to be a student and focus myself and go after the things that I wanted,” says Roberts, who shares with his students that he attended City College and went through similar struggles as a way to help them feel like he knows what they’re going through. “I wanted to be able to give back and be able to help others the way people had helped me.”

After spending two years at City College on a quest for “academic renewal,” Roberts, who became a straight-A student, transferred to Sac State to pursue his career. He graduated with his Bachelor’s degree in English in May of 2001, and by September, he began a two-year internship teaching at Kennedy High School to earn his teaching credential through Sac State.

Roberts says he enjoyed being a student and wanted to earn more money, so he got his Master’s degree from Sac State in order to teach at the college level. After working at City College part time for a while beginning in 2005, a full-time position opened up and he got the job after the first interview.

Roberts, who also plays in a cover band and writes songs when he isn’t working, says he decided to teach at City College because it was such an important part of his journey. He adds that, aside from teaching high school, he has never considered working anywhere else.

However, Roberts says he may want to go into administration one day, but that his biggest enjoyment comes from getting through to struggling students.

“My passion and my love is in the classroom,” says Roberts. “As a teacher…you’re really working and pouring yourself into another person, so when you’re able to [help] the student who needs that and the student responds to that in a positive way, there’s just very few things that are more rewarding.”

Please click the jump to see the second portion of this feature article, which was a Q&A (compiled by Daniel Wilson) with other former students who now work for City College.

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Preserving the past

As its centennial approaches, City College honors its past

Originally published December 8, 2014 in Mainline magazine’s fall 2014 issue

With City College’s 100th birthday just over a year away, Mainline decided to highlight some of the ways the college preserves its history so that today’s campus community will know about where the college has been since its modest beginnings in 1916, as well as where the college is going in the 21st century.

Time capsules hold the wonders of the past


City College’s time capsules on the grounds of the campus. Photo by Penelope Kahn.

City College’s time capsules are located between Rodda North and South under the main walkway and in front of the Learning Resource Center. Ann Love, public services assistant in the SCC Foundation office, is responsible for collecting items for the capsules, which date back to 1927, a year after Sacramento Junior College opened to students at its current location.

“A lot of people don’t know that they’re buried under there,” says Love, who explained that she inherited the job of collecting time capsule items after a previous staff member retired.

Love says that the time capsule boxes are about the size of a shirt box. They are made of copper to
keep the elements from destroying the contents.

The main item in each capsule is a scroll signed by all of that year’s graduates. In recent years, Love said, the graduating students have also been adding comments or stories.

According to Love, in 2001, commemorative issues of The Sacramento Bee and other publications with stories about the 9/11 World Trade Center terrorist attack were placed into the time capsules.

Other examples include news clippings about the election of President Obama, commemorative items such as key chains and other objects from campus events, items from the Student Associated Council, letters from the college president, budget and economy information from the time period, T-shirts, flash drives, discs and more.

Once all of the items are collected, they are put into an envelope, which is then sent to operations. From there, Operations Technician Karen Chewning is responsible for preparing the capsule for burial.

When Love began curating the time capsules, she recalls that she didn’t really know what types of objects to collect.

“I went online and researched what other people put in their time capsules, and it’s all the same,” says Love. “I try to go out to the community and get items with prices on them.”

Love and Chewning also shared that during World War II, because the government was preserving metals for the war, three capsules (1943-1945) were covered only in cement and those capsules have cement plaques instead of the brass ones on other years. It’s a mystery how — or if — those capsules have weathered the decades.

“Opening a case like that, we don’t know what the air might do to them,” says Love. “There may be nothing there.”

Currently, Love is looking at the possibility of opening the first capsule in 2016 to mark the college’s 100th birthday, though traditionally time capsules are opened after 100 years. Since the college was moved to its current location from its original site at Sacramento High, there are no 100-year old capsules.

“If they decide to open the 1927 one in 2016 for the 100-year anniversary, I imagine they’ll try to do a ceremonial type thing,” says Love.

Special Collections archive highlights campus history

Sac City History

Special Collections Librarian Caroline Harker shows off an old photo of City College. Photo by Penelope Kahn.

Students who venture up to the third floor of the Learning Resource Center might  notice a little room behind a door and windows straight from yesteryear.

Th at room is City College’s Special Collections archive, overseen by Special Collections Librarian Caroline Harker. According to Harker, not only is City College the only campus in the district with an archive collection, the door and windows were part of the original library building before it was torn down in July 1996 following a lengthy legal battle and replaced with the current LRC in October 1998.

The tables, chairs and bookshelves in the archive were also from the original library. Harker says the tables and
chairs were created by shop students in the 1930s or ‘40s.

“Because it was so historical, some people didn’t want [the old library building] torn down, but what I’m finding through the tapes is that people went through the old library and it was very leaky, it didn’t have the updated electrical for computers and things like that,” says Harker. “It would have been very expensive to upgrade the historical building, so they did eventually tear it down and built this beautiful [LRC] building.”

Harker explains that the archive houses all sorts of items from the nearly 100-year history of the college. Some of the items that can be viewed by visitors include photos dating back to the college’s construction; issues of the Express newspaper (originally called the Blotter and then the Pony Express), the Pioneer yearbook and Susurrus, the current literary journal; various Panther statues and memorabilia; a ball signed by longtime physical education Professor Jan High; plaques given to deans, and scrapbooks from ‘50s and ‘60s sororities, among many other historical items.

Currently underway is the conversion of all of the past Express newspapers for microfiche, Harker says. They are also being digitized so they can eventually be viewed by any student via the library’s computer system. This will ensure that students can enjoy these historical documents without damaging the original copies. This project will eventually  include the yearbooks and other student publications as well.

In addition, Harker is tirelessly working to manually convert the archive’s VHS collection to DVD.

She says this process is very labor-intensive and takes a lot of time, but she hopes to have the project completed by the 100-year anniversary.

“It’s a little bit challenging for me,” says Harker. “When I have volunteers, it’s a little bit helpful, but it’s still  challenging because I only work Thursdays and some Saturdays.”

She has also been working with the campus nursing department on donations of historical items to the archives.

“Back in the ‘40s and ‘50s, the [nurses] would stay on campus,” says Harker. “They worked really hard, so it was a little less of a commuter college back then, had their studies here at school, and then they went out to do their hospital work.”

Harker explained that some of the more popular archive collections among students are the yearbooks and photos. One of the displays in the Special Collections room was set up by the previous archivist Pat Zuccaro, who retired in 2012 after serving as the Special Collections librarian since 1997.

Sac City History

Various items from the Sacramento City College Archives located on the 3rd floor of the Learning Resource Center. Photo by Penelope Kahn.

“I never touched it because it’s so beautiful. I think she did a nice job showing the historical items [and pictures] from the school,” Harker says.

Harker, who uses an Excel spreadsheet to inventory and easily locate all of the items in the Special Collections room, says that most students are interested in finding information about their parents or other family members who attended the college.

“I had [a student] who came in the other day asking about his grandfather, who had sadly passed away, but [the student] wanted to see his grandfather,” says Harker. “[His grandfather] had played, I think, basketball.”

For Harker, working as City College’s Special Collections librarian is a very satisfying experience because she gets to share the college’s deep history with students every day.

“[Students] are kind of more curious because this room isn’t open all the time, and they see it and there’s a display outside,” she says. “So a lot of times I have curious students, and I’m obviously really proud to show them and talk to them about the history of the school.”

Telling City College’s history in 100 everyday objects

Sac City History

A vintage camera in the Sacramento City College Archives located on the 3rd floor of the Learning Resource Center. Photo by Penelope Kahn.

In 2010 the BBC began a series of radio segments, books and online materials for the British Museum called “A History of the World in 100 Objects.” In the years since, BBC’s series has inspired several similar publications.

In 2012 Th e New York Times found 50 objects that defined the history of New York City, and in 2013 the Sacramento News & Review collected 25 objects that retold the history of the Sacramento area.

Now, City College anthropology professor and department head William Doonan is working on compiling 100 objects that tell the history of City College. He says he hopes to have the project completed in time for the  school’s 100-year anniversary in 2016. Doonan was inspired by the previous history compilations and says there are a couple of reasons why he feels it’s the perfect way to create a historical snapshot of the campus.

“The purpose of the project is partially to commemorate our history at our centennial, which is appropriate, but I’m also doing it in conjunction with the development office,” says Doonan. “They’re the ones that do scholarships and stuff, and they’re the ones who work with alumni, and they’re the ones that are doing a lot of public relations for
the college.”

Doonan’s project was also inspired by the 90th anniversary history project, which was compiled by several college faculty and staff members, as well as volunteers, in 2006. He says he wanted to do something to compliment that publication, but wanted to do it from an archaeological standpoint.

“Like any history, it will be incomplete,” says Doonan. “There’s no history that has everybody’s story in it, right? I know how people feel left out, so that’s why the more people that can contribute to the project, the better. So ideally it works best if we can get as much input as possible.”

According to Doonan, he and the development office are still trying to work out the details of how to distribute the 100 objects publication when it is complete, but one idea is to sell it and use the money for a scholarship fund to give back to students.

Doonan says he is working this semester to get input and collect objects for the project from various administrators, faculty, staff and departments, including Harker in Special Collections.

“It’s going way slower than I had hoped,” says Doonan. “I’ve sent out emails, I’ve sent out flyers to administrators, to faculty, to students. I’ve talked about it in all of my [six] classes.”

Doonan had hoped to have the collection done by the end of this semester so he could write it next semester, but he’s hoping now to have the collection done by the end of the spring 2015.

When the project is complete, Doonan says the publication will be focused mainly on the objects themselves.

“I don’t intend there to be a lot of writing in it because I think when people start picking something up if there’s something cool, you’re like, ‘Wow, what the hell is that?’” says Doonan. “There’s some great stuff around here, and if you just have a little bit of information about each one, [that’s sufficient].”

Doonan says that while some people don’t put a lot of emphasis on objects or physical items, they’re important and can tell a lot about a culture.

“I think that people think archaeology is all like past stuff , but it’s not — objects tell a different story,” says Doonan. “We’re attached to our objects in ways that are not often talked about. You know, go around campus now. Walk around the quad now versus walking around the quad 15 years ago. Everybody’s attached to a physical object because everybody’s busy staring at their phones right now. And that’s a way in which we are relating to physical things in a way that distracts us from other parts of the world.”

Doonan says that the objects humans use and value on a daily basis can tell a lot more about a society’s history than often realized.

“For good or for bad, the objects have meaning for us, and I think that’s an important story to tell,” says Doonan.

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City College Enrollment rules change

New requirements impact students’ priority registration status

Originally published in the Oct. 8, 2014 print edition of the Sac City Express

City College students speak to faculty in the Rodda Hall North building about registration and other important information. Photo By Emily Foley.

City College students speak to faculty in the Rodda Hall North building about registration and other important information. Photo By Emily Foley.

Community college has traditionally been a place of exploration and discovery when it comes to students finding what they want to do with their lives, but in today’s world that traditional institution is quickly changing because of new policies and rules coming down from government and district officials, including the loss of priority registration for some students.

Those policy changes can make getting a quality education, finishing one’s degree or transferring to an upper-division campus more difficult for some students. This is the case for Gavin Fielder, president of the City College Clubs and Events Board and mechanical engineering major.

According to City College Associate Vice President of Enrollment and Student Services Debra Luff—in compliance with the Student Success Act of 2012 (SB 1456)—any student who is on academic or progress probation level two (and has too many W’s or a GPA lower than 2.0) or who has completed a total of 90 units within the Los Rios district will now lose priority registration and be switched to open enrollment.

In addition, first-time college students who enrolled in February 2014 or later are now required to complete a three-step process—which includes participating in an online orientation via D2L, taking assessment tests for placement into English and mathematics, and meeting with a counselor to create an individual student education plan (iSEP)—to qualify for priority registration.

These students will continue to be required to work their way up through priority levels, said Admissions and Records Supervisor Kim Goff, but unless they complete all three steps, they will not be eligible for priority registration.

Students pursuing high-unit majors can appeal each semester to keep priority registration, which is what Fielder said he had to do. He also had to set up an iSEP to show that he is on track to completing his educational goals in a timely manner.

“I’m definitely not a normal student,” said Fielder. “I’ve actually changed my major five times. I didn’t really come in knowing what I wanted to do. I kind of fooled around a lot. In addition to all the classes took before that weren’t really relevant [to my current major], I now have a lot of units to go.”

Luff said that students affected by these changes will be notified via their Los Rios email accounts. She added that the college is working to make sure everyone is aware of the new policies.

“[We’re] following up with phone call and emails and trying to get it in Facebook and all those social media avenues that we have,” said Luff.

There are a few other rules when it comes to the 90-unit cap priority registration policy, but according to Goff, there are several options for students who find themselves in this situation.

Any classes below the 100 level are not counted as part of the 90 units completed, Goff said. If a student is one semester away from graduating or transferring, he or she can appeal to keep priority registration. If student is on academic or progress probation, he or she will have to petition and show that progress is being made toward bringing up his or her GPA.

Goff said that this policy change is about helping new students approach college in a way that will help them meet their educational goals faster and more efficiently.

“It’s really about being successful and getting students to their goals,” said Goff. “There really aren’t that many students, district wide, who are over 90 units. We have some community members who are just taking one class, [such as] a P.E. class, and so the enrollment priority isn’t that important to them. There aren’t really a lot of students that fall into that category.”

However, when it comes to students who have not yet completed all three Steps to Success requirements, Goff says that number is much higher.

Goff said there are 3,500 new students this year and of those, approximately 1,400 haven’t completed all three steps. If they don’t complete the process by Nov. 1, those students will lose priority registration this semester for spring classes.

Though Goff said there are only a few hundred students across the district that fall into the 90 unit or more category who are also not close to transfer or graduation and who are not in high unit majors, she said that some students will be left to network for themselves when it comes to getting into classes they need.

“People are going to be stuck,” Goff said. “It’s not a widespread issue, but, of course, to the person who that happens to, it’s a really important issue. That’s the time when being an experienced student pays off when you can advocate for yourself and talk to instructors and email instructors and [try to get those classes].”

Paulina Chordas, communications major, who said she thinks the 90-unit cap will affect her, said this new policy is something that shouldn’t apply to long-time students.

“I changed my major from animal science to communications, so obviously a lot of things didn’t overlap,” said Chordas. “I still have a lot of things to get done before I transfer. I think [the unit cap policy] is kind of dumb considering that we’re so close to getting there. If we didn’t have a chance to do the [three-step process] when we started here, then you shouldn’t have that rule apply to us.”

These new policies not only have a direct effect on students who will have trouble enrolling in required classes, but also for Fielder, it has completely changed the way community college operates.

“I think they’re missing the point entirely: Community college isn’t about milling out students for transfer,” said Fielder. “It’s here for everyone, and it’s supposed to be open access, [but] they’re completely shooting that in the foot.”

Luff said that it comes down to a change in the role community colleges play in the educational process.

“It’s a cultural shift—it really is, for community college,” said Luff. “People need to plan to go to community college just as you would a UC or a private university, and that’s the message we would like to get out. There are steps that they need to go through as part of that planning and we’re trying to lay it out so that it makes it really convenient.”

But for Fielder, it’s not about changing one’s outlook as much as it is about the struggle between government regulations and what’s best for students, faculty and staff.

“I sit on a lot of different committees and there’s a lot of different opinions going around, but I think a lot of the faculty here want it to be open access, and they want it to be free and open to students, so I think our institution is not completely leaning toward this being a two-year transfer institution,” said Fielder. “That’s obviously the direction of the federal government and the regulations coming down from above, but that’s not necessarily our feeling on it.”

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